Wisdom

Knowledge skillfully put into practice.

Two Greek words translated Sophia & Phronesis for wisdom in the NT. Sophia is the insight into the true nature of things, phronesis is the ability to discern modes of action with a view to their results. Sophia is theory and phronesis is practice.

A.  Human wisdom.

The source of wisdom

  • Received as a gift from God -- 1 Kings 3:11-12; Prov. 2:6; Eccl. 2:26; Dan. 2:21; James 1:5.
  • Received as a gift from the Spirit -- 1 Cor. 12:8; Eph. 1:17.
  • Starts with the fear of the Lord -- Job 28:28; Psalm 111:10; Prov. 9:10.
  • Comes from listening to the wise -- Prov. 1:2; 4:1-11; 13:20.
  • Comes from research and education -- Eccl. 1:13, 17; 7:25.
  • Comes from discipline -- Prov. 29:15.
  • Comes from admonishing one another -- Col. 3:16.

Expressions of wisdom

  • Serving as a craftsman -- Ex. 28:3.
  • Following God's law -- Dt. 4:6; Hos. 14:9; Mt. 7:24-26.
  • Writing proverbs and songs -- 1 Kings 4:29, 32.
  • Studying God's creation -- 1 Kings 4:29, 33.
  • Administering justice -- 1 Kings 3:16-28; 10:8-9.
  • Avoiding evil -- Prov. 5:1-6.
  • Taking advise -- Prov. 13:10.
  • Giving advise -- Dan. 1:20.
  • Interpreting visions and dreams -- Dan. 2:23, 30.
  • Preparing for the future -- Mt. 25:1-13.
  • Exercising patience -- Prov. 19:11.
  • Living like a Christian -- Prov. 2:20-21; James 3:17.
  • Defending the gospel -- Acts 6:3, 10.

Benefits of wisdom

  • Makes us blessed -- Prov. 3:13.
  • Leads to a long life -- Prov. 3:16.
  • Preserves our lives -- Eccl. 7:12.
  • Protects us -- Prov. 4:6.
  • Exalts us -- Prov. 4:8-9.
  • Brings us joy -- Prov.29:3; 27:11.
  • Gives us strength -- Eccl. 7:19.
  • Brings us healing -- Prov. 12:18.
  • Saves us from evil ways -- Prov. 2:12-19.

B. Divine wisdom

True wisdom centers in God

  • God has wisdom -- Job 12:13; 28:20-24; Dan. 2:20.
  • Jesus Christ is the wisdom of God -- 1 Cor. 1:24, 30; Col. 2:3.
  • The Spirit is the Spirit of wisdom -- Isa. 11:2; Eph. 1:17.

The nature of God's wisdom

  • Profound -- Job 9:4.
  • Precious -- Prov. 8:18-19.
  • Deep and rich -- Rom. 11:33.
  • Magnificent -- Isa. 28:29.
  • Manifold -- Eph. 3:10.
  • Unsurpassable -- Jer. 10:7.

Activities of God's wisdom

  • Operative in creation -- Psalm 104:24; Prov. 3:19; 8:22-31; Jer. 10:12.
  • Controls nature -- Job 26:12; 39:26.
  • Controls history -- Isa. 10:12-13.
  • Counsels rulers -- Prov. 8:14-16.


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